With so many cases evolving liver malignancies including primary and secondary tumors, death due to carcinomas has become a major cause of death in the status quo. A surgical treatment might contain a good success rate but also comes along with various complicated issues and post-treatment side-effects. Transarterial Radioembolization is one such treatment that is being practiced by many experts to treat liver-related issues. The specialists who practice this are known as interventional radiologists will put or inject tiny beads having radioactive material in your blood vessels that ultimately lead to tumors. The radioactive material, yttrium-90 (Y90), works right on the tumor and not the healthy tissue around it. TARE (transarterial radioembolization) with yttrium-90 (TARE-Y90) is supposed to be the expanded name.
Radioembolization of the tumor helps in a variety of ways. It has the capability to shrink the tumor so it can be treated further easily. It also retards the extreme growth of cancer cells, so that they don't grow rapidly. Moreover, the treatment minimizes side effects and symptoms to make the quality of life better.
Radioembolization travels in blood vessels and reaches right to the tumors without hampering the health of healthy cells and tissues. The process can be used with other treatments such as chemotherapy. The process initiates with the care team placing an intravenous (IV) line in one of your veins. Post-treatment side effects include groin pain, bruising, tiredness, fatigue, belly pain, nausea, vomitings, and bad appetite.
Few severe side effects that are not common and extremely rare are given below
- In case, the radiation moves out to another part of the party, it might cause damage to other organs such as the stomach, intestine, and pancreas.
- Infection on the side where the catheter has been inserted
- Issues in liver or gallbladder
- A lower number of blood clotting
- An allergic reaction might be caused due to radioactive substance in the body